“Since the end of World War II, Congress and Presidents have debated, formulated, and revised administrative responsibilities for emergency management.” Some of the important questions that have been the subject of debate over the past 60 years, and that are particularly relevant today in the “FEMA In or Out” debate, include:
• What the jurisdictional boundaries of the agency charged with emergency management should be;
• How responsibility for new or emerging threats should be assigned;
• Whether it is necessary (or advisable) to distinguish between natural and manmade threats;
• What is meant by “all-hazards,” and what elements need to be present in an agency with an all-hazards mission;
• What the relationship between crisis management and consequence management should be; and
• What the relationships among the federal, state and local governments should be during a disaster, and whether the relationships should change in the face of a catastrophe.